Posts Tagged ‘ventral striatum’

Personal traits

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Humans can look beyond immediate positive and negative experiences, and can additionally encode behavioural traits. Both learning from reward and learning from traits involve processing in the ventral striatum. Learning about traits allows another person to be valued in contexts other than the immediate one, and this can be important in social decision-taking.

Ventromedial prefrontal

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This study shows that human decision-makers adapt their level of persistence in waiting for rewards to the environment in which the decision is being made. Neural signalling in the ventromedial prefrontal, an area involved with evaluation, could evolve differently for identical time delays, if there is a difference in the environment. The neural valuation system is here seen as including the ventromedial prefrontal (VMPFC), the ventral striatum (VS) and the posterior cingulate cortex

Memory and emotions

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The emergence of primary anoetic consciousness in episodic memory Frontiers in Behavioural Science, 3 January 2014, doi: 10.3389/fnbeh  ::  Marie Vanderkerckhover, Luis Bulnes & Jaak Panksepp, Vrije University Brussels, Washington Uiversity  ::  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3879583/ Summary and review of the above paper The authors discuss how emotional experience becomes cognitively orientated in areas such as the episodic memory. The episodic memory has the ability Read more […]

Orbitofrontal encoding regret

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The orbitofrontal cortex and ventral striatum encode expected outcomes during decision taking. Activity in these brain regions also reflects the perception of missed opportunities. Neural signals related to regret at missed opportunities are encoded here.