Chalmers asks why it is that we are conscious, and argues that a radical idea is required if we are to arrive at an explanation. Recent research has concentrated on searching for correlates of consciousness, such as brain regions that are active when consciousness is reported. However, such correlates are just things that coincide with consciousness rather than explanations. Emergence has also been seen as an explanation of consciousness, in the sense that hurricanes emerge from particular weather systems, and by analogy, consciousness emerges from neural systems and possibly also computer systems. However, Chalmers sees this as only explaining structure and behaviour rather than consciousness as such.
Posts Tagged ‘panpsychism’
Pat Lewtas Journal of Consciousness Studies, 20 No. 9-10, pp. 39-64 Lewtas argues that a theory of panpsychism has to make sense of the bottom level of experience, and it also has to explain how this bottom-level experience relates to higher levels such as human consciousness. The bottom-level experience is seen as being an internal aspect of a bottom-level physical object, and not as can be argued with humans, a response to external entities or signals. In this paper, quarks are used as a Read more […]
Panpsychism in the West David Skrbina Skrbina defines panpsychsim as the belief that all things have a mind-like quality. This appears to have been the dominant view in pre-historical times, in the form of animism. He tries to make a distinction between animism, in which he claims the spirits of objects, trees etc. appear as human-like rational agents, in contrast to the later and more sophisticated philosophical panpsychism. This is in turn contrasted with the modern western idea of a mechanical Read more […]
Galen Strawson on pansychism Galen Strawson defines physicalism as the view that everything in, or experienced within the universe, is physicsl. All mental goings-on are included in this physical system, and subjective experience is seen as the most certain thing in our knowledge. As a result, those who deny the existence of consciousness and by extension experience, sensation and feeling, are not viewed as physicalist, even if they regard themselves as such, because these things that they deny Read more […]