Posts Tagged ‘Daniel Wegner’

Marshmallow Test

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The Marshmallow Test by Walter Mischel Walter Mischel’s work is receiving considerable publicity at the moment. His marshmallow test involved leaving young children, typically about four years old, alone in a room with a marshmallow or other goodie. They were told that if they could resist eating it for 15 or so minutes, they could have two instead of one marshmallow. The progress of these children was checked later as young adults. It was found that those who could defer gratification Read more […]

Illusion of conscious will

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Daniel Wegner The author’s purpose is to demonstrate that conscious will is not efficacious. The Libet experiments suggested that unconscious processing drives trivial actions such as moving a finger. Wegner argues that it is the same for more important activities. To do this, he must separate conscious desires, plans and intentions from bodily actions. Although the claimed fact of such a separation is repeated exhaustively throughout the book, the argument really rests on a single example. This Read more […]

Wegner on the conscious will

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Phenomenology & the feeling of doing: Wegner on the conscious will Tim Bayne Dept. of Philosophy, Oxford University In: Does Consciousness Cause Behaviour  –  Eds., Susan Pockett, William Banks & Shaun Gallagher  –  MIT Press, (2006)   –  ISBN:  978-0-262-16237-1 Bayne starts by summarising Wegner’s view of the conscious will. Wegner is seen as taking the view that conscious will is an introspective preview of actions before they are taken. Wegner also holds that conscious Read more […]

Causal role of mental states

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Towards a dynamic theory of intentions Elizabeth Pacherie Institut Jean Nicod In: Does Consciousness Cause Behaviour  –  Eds., Susan Pockett, William Banks & Shaun Gallagher  –  MIT Press, (2006)   –  ISBN:  978-0-262-16237-1 Pacherie has similar criticisms of Wegner type arguments as those advanced by Peter Ross. She considers that the issue of whether mental states play a causal role and our actual experience of conscious control are being confused. She further argues that Read more […]

Criticism of Wegner

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Empirical constraints  on the problem of freewill Peter Ross Dept. of Philosophy, California State Polytechnic University In: Does Consciousness Cause Behaviour  –  Eds., Susan Pockett, William Banks & Shaun Gallagher  –  MIT Press, (2006)   –  ISBN:  978-0-262-16237-1 Ross criticises in particular Daniel Wegner’s experiments that are interpreted as showing that freewill must be an illusion. Wegner’s ‘I Spy’ experiment involves a subject moving a cursor on screen. Read more […]